SRC-2021-0012 : Microsoft Exchange Server ImportTransportRuleCollection ProcessE15Format Remote Code Execution Vulnerability (patch bypass)
CVE ID: CVE-2021-27078
CVSS Score: 9.1, (/AV:N/AC:L/PR:H/UI:R/S:C/C:H/I:H/A:H/E:P/RL:O/RC:C)
Affected Vendors: Microsoft
Affected Products: Exchange Server
This vulnerability allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code on affected installations of Exchange Server. Authentication with the “Records Management” role is required to exploit this vulnerability.
The specific flaw exists within the processing of the Import-TransportRuleCollection cmdlet. The issue results from the lack of proper validation of a user-supplied rule collection. An attacker can leverage this vulnerability to execute code in the context of SYSTEM.
Microsoft has issued an update to correct this vulnerability. More details can be found at: https://portal.msrc.microsoft.com/security-guidance/advisory/CVE-2021-27078
2020-12-09 – Sent to Microsoft
2021-03-09 – Coordinated public release of advisory
Credit: This vulnerability was discovered by Steven Seeley (mr_me) of Qihoo 360 Vulcan Team